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The week dedicated to the peoples of Iraq could only start with the Arabs, the largest group in the country and whose history is also a metaphor for the entire nation
The entire Arab world carries within it a thousand thousand ethnic and linguistic facets, a consequence of the role of merchants that has always distinguished this people, bringing them literally
Iraq, however, was not born in these forms except with the Treaty of Sevres of 1920, uniting 3 vilayets (Baghdad, Basra and Mosul) with very different souls from each other both in culture and ethnicity. In these days we will deal better with
Arabs before the Arabs
The latter represent de facto all those Semitic populations that, since the time of the Akkadians, in 3000 BC. dominated the region. Due to a solid continuity of power and a strong Semitic substratum, the Mesopotamian dialect is one of those that most inherited from the past, so much so that it should be the most similar to ancient
In the meantime, however, he had absorbed many words of ancient local (Sumerian, Akkadian and Babylonian) and foreign languages (Persian, Greek and Turkish), composing one of the most fascinating, ancient and varied dialects of the entire Arab world.
Union of peoples
Obviously, the melting pot took place both on a linguistic and ethnic level, so much so that, according to some research carried out on genes, Iraqi Arabs are more related to neighboring populations than to the inhabitants of the Arabian Peninsula. This is certainly due to the complex history of the country which, as we said, being one of the cradles of human civilization, over the course of history has seen various peoples take up residence there, building, in the long run, stronger ties than ever with other populations.
It should not be forgotten that it was from these bonds that the Arab ethnicity became predominant, also welcoming many who “chose to become Arabs”. Most of the
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