The mongols

This article is also available in: Italiano

A small presentation to the Mongols, legendary people of whom we will talk about these days. From the distant Altai mountains to warm Delhi, a small summary of the long Mongolian epic


Known since the dawn of time for their warrior nature and their incredible resistance to heat and cold, the Mongols managed to form the largest empire that history remembers, with an area of 26 million square km. A result that enrolled them by right in the history and culture of a good part of the known world, influencing it forever. After the Mongol advance, in fact, all of Asia will change radically and only death stopped the infinite longings of Genghis Khan for Europe.

A Mongol

We will talk about the great leader on Wednesday with the book “The conqueror of the worlds” by René Grousset, the fact is that the impact that this people had was immense and the results are still clearly visible today in various areas.


The cultural closeness of the Turks and Mongols, both originating in the Altai mountains, will ensure that their customs and customs do not disperse, finding a faithful and solid ally. Once the great leader has died, in fact, the empire will tend to divide more and more, finding in China a very precious model to comply with. The remaining possessions, however, tended instead to merge more and more with the indigenous peoples, giving rise to new peoples with mixed characteristics, able to take the place of their predecessors.

Timur, Italianized in “Tamerlano”

From this point of view, Tamerlane certainly represents the perfect example of union between Turkish-Mongolian and Iranian culture, placing itself de facto as a union between the two worlds. Of Mongolian and (probably) Persian origin, he managed in just 25 years to create one of the last great empires of Central Asia, making Samarkand flourish and placing firm cultural roots in this area.

From Tamerlane to India

It is probably however in the Indian subcontinent that traces of the Mongolian people are most visible, in Pakistan, for example, Khan is absolutely one of the most common surnames. This is due to the birth of one last great people of Mongolian origin: the Mughals who will dominate the area until the arrival of the British. Arriving in India with Babur, direct descendant of Tamerlane, they soon managed to conquer the whole continent, providing the country with some of the most beautiful constructions that history remembers.

The fort of Lahore, Pakistan

A trivial example is the Taj Mahal, but there are many works of this level scattered among India, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Afghanistan. For the conditions from which the Mongolian people started, it represents, together with the Turks, the greatest example and showy of cultural evolution. In fact, few people are able to change their destiny to such an extent, managing to keep their nature intact and adapting to any new unexpected event, indomitable as few in history.

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