The 9 plagues of Egypt and the Exodus

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The highlight of the story of Moses: the exodus and the 9 (not 10) plagues of Egypt, the moment in which the Jewish people takes its definitive form, almost unchanged today

The 9 plagues

Once the defeat of his sorcerers has been observed, the pharaoh will begin an increasingly pressing discriminatory policy towards Moses and his people, so much so that his vizier, Haman, will realize the construction of a high tower in order to observe the god of Jews. As perversion and wickedness grow, so too will the punishment of Allah, who will send 9 different plagues to Egypt.


In the Quran the following are mentioned in particular: floods, grasshoppers, fleas, frogs and the transformation of water into blood; however in verse 101 of Surah al Isra it is said that the “evident signs” were 9.

The Exodus

At the height of these sufferings, Allah will order Moses to gather his people at night and to be ready to be chased by the pharaoh who, once discovered the surprise move of the rivals, will quickly gather an army to prevent their escape. Once in front of the waters, the prophet will open the latter with his stick, thus allowing his people to go to the other side in safety. The Egyptians, in reality, will reach the middle of this “opening”, only to be devoured by the closing of the waters. According to the Quran, shortly before his death the pharaoh will declare himself a pure monotheist, this will not however be accepted by Allah, who will however retain the body in order to make it a symbol for the inhabitants of the future.


Once the obstacle has been overcome, the Jews will begin their real journey to the Promised Land, nevertheless undergoing an incredible series of temptations. The people of Moses will in fact be tempted by idolatry, hunger and thirst, so much so that the same God will take care of granting manna and quail to feed them. The birth of the 12 tribes of Israel, born from the 12 fountains that the prophet, with the permission of God, made to flow from a rock, also dates back to this moment.

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